Programming languages continue to evolve in both industry and research, as systems and applications change. Today there is a wide variety of programming languages with different languages, syntax, and features. Developers can now use a language based on either the client’s preference or their own. Language technology developed between 1967 and 1997, giving birth to some of the most popularly used programming languages even now. The swift growth of the internet in the mid-1990s was a major boost to the programming language world.
First position goes to C language. After 2015, this is the first time C comes to the first spot. The major reason for this change is due to Corona Virus. Yes, it’s true. As the pandemic situation rises all over the world researchers are steadily working for an antidote. Embedded programming languages like C and C++ are mostly used in medical devices.
It was developed in the year 1973 by Dennis Ritchie at Bell Laboratories for making utilities for Unix. Then it gained popularity and become widely-used programming language and available from embedded microcontrollers to supercomputers. Its current stable version is C 18 which was released in 2018.
Java lost its first position to C. But still widely used programming language by the developers all around the world. It was developed by James Gosling in 1995 at Sun Microsystems. Later it was acquired by Oracle. Java was popular for its cross-platform compatibility It’s latest version Java 14 was released in 2020.
Python moved one step ahead to third spot. The recent developments in the field of artificial intelligence, machine learning, data science got his spot for python. Python was developed in the late 1980s by Guido van Rossum at Centrum Wiskunde & Informatica (CWI). Its latest version is Python 3 and previous versions are discontinued.
C++ lost its spot to Python and moved to the fourth spot. C++ was developed by Bjarne Stroustrup in 1985 at Bell Laboratories as an extension of C language. As compared to C, C++ still used in various platforms from small embedded microcontrollers to supercomputers. Its current stable version is C++17 and expecting C++20 version with more ambient features.
The fifth spot goes to Microsoft’s C#. It is designed by Anders Hejlsberg of Microsoft in 2000 which works on Dot Net Framework. C# is a very mature language that evolved significantly over the years. It is an adaptable language that gives a comprehensive programming foundation that applies to Java, Objective-C, PHP, and more. Its current stable version is C# 8 released in 2018.
R is another widely-used programming language designed by Ross Ihaka and Robert Gentleman in the year 1993. It is used for building statistical software as well as data analysis by statisticians and data miners. Its current version is R 4.0.0 (ARBOR DAY) released in 2020.
Swift is quality programming language that’s as expressive and enjoyable as a scripting language. It was developed mainly to replace Objective-C in the Mac and iOS platforms. It was developed by Apple in 2014. Its current version is SWIFT 5.2.2 released in 2020.
10) OBJECTIVE C
Objective-C is a general-purpose, object-oriented programming language. It was developed by Tom Love and Brad Cox in 1984. It is a primary programming language generally used for writing software for OS X and iOS. Its syntax, primitive types, and flow control statements are assumed from C, and more syntax is added for defining classes and methods. Its current stable version is 2.0
Programming languages have evolved a lot in the last 70 years, from creating some of the most challenging programs in assembly language to the most user-friendly python programs.
Invest your time and build your skills by learning new and improved programming languages to meet the demands of the ever-changing technological world.